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The Emergency Relief for Federally Owned Roads Program, or ERFO Program, was established to assist federal agencies with the repair or reconstruction of tribal transportation facilities, federal lands transportation facilities, and other federally owned roads that are open to public travel, which are found to have suffered serious damage by a natural disaster over a wide area or by a catastrophic failure.


The Federal share payable for the repair of tribal transportation facilities, federal lands transportation facilities, and other federally owned roads is 100 percent under the ERFO Program. Funds for the ERFO Program are provided from the Highway Trust Fund and the General Fund through the Emergency Relief Program for Federal-aid Highways. ERFO funds are not to duplicate assistance under another Federal program or compensation from insurance, cost share, or any other source.

Federally funded research and development centers (FFRDCs) have evolved from research facilities established to meet the special needs of World War II. Until 1967, the centers were called "federal contract research centers." In that year, the Federal Council for Science and Technology (FCST) set criteria for the newly named "federally funded research and development centers."

The U.S. government officially recognizes 574 Indian tribes in the contiguous 48 states and Alaska. These federally recognized tribes are eligible for funding and services from the Bureau of Indian Affairs, either directly or through contracts, grants, or compacts.

The National Park Service (NPS) Tribal Preservation Program helps Indian tribes protect resources and traditions important to them. The program funds Tribal Heritage grants for federally recognized Indian tribes to help them with cultural and historic preservation projects.

Of the approximately 400 non-federally recognized tribes that GAO identified, 26 received funding from 24 federal programs during fiscal years 2007 through 2010. Most of the 26 non-federally recognized tribes were eligible to receive this funding either because of their status as nonprofit organizations or state-recognized tribes. Similarly, most of the 24 federal programs that awarded funding to non-federally recognized tribes during the 4-year period were authorized to fund nonprofit organizations or state-recognized tribes. In addition, some of these programs were authorized to fund other entities, such as tribal communities or community development financial institutions.

For fiscal years 2007 through 2010, 24 federal programs awarded more than $100 million to the 26 non-federally recognized tribes. Most of the funding was awarded to a few non-federally recognized tribes by a small number of programs. Specifically, 95 percent of the funding was awarded to 9 non-federally recognized tribes, and most of that funding was awarded to the Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina. Similarly, 95 percent of the funding was awarded by seven programs in four agencies, and most of that funding was awarded by one Department of Housing and Urban Development program.

During the course of its review, GAO identified some instances where federal agencies had provided funding to non-federally recognized tribes for which grant eligibility is disputed and one instance where an agency was in the process of better enforcing federal financial reporting requirements with one tribe. Specifically:

The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) awarded funding to the Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape Indians of New Jersey and the Powhatan Renape Nation—two non-federally recognized tribes in New Jersey—under programs authorized to fund state-recognized tribes. The state of New Jersey, however, does not consider these entities to be state recognized.

As of January 3, 2012, the United States recognized 566 Indian tribes. Federal recognition confers specific legal status on tribes and imposes certain responsibilities on the federal government, such as an obligation to provide certain benefits to tribes and their members. Some tribes are not federally recognized but have qualified for and received federal funding. Some of these non-federally recognized tribes are state recognized and may be located on state reservations.

GAO was asked to address (1) the key means by which non-federally recognized tribes have been eligible for federal funding and (2) the amount of federal funding awarded to non-federally recognized tribes for fiscal years 2007 through 2010. GAO also identified some eligibility and federal financial reporting issues related to non-federally recognized tribes. GAO compiled a list of about 400 non-federally recognized tribes and reviewed information from federal agencies,, states, and other sources to identify tribes’ federal funding and eligibility.

Today, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) issued updated policy guidance directing federal agencies to expedite access to results of federally funded research. NIH has long championed principles of transparency and accessibility in NIH-funded research and supports this important step by the Biden Administration.

We are enthusiastic to move forward on these important efforts to make research results more accessible and look forward to working together to strengthen our shared responsibility in making federally funded research results accessible to the public.

A federally assisted construction contract is an agreement or modification paid for in whole or in part with funds obtained from the federal government but where the government is not a party to the construction contract. Federally assisted contracts could be funded through, for example, a federal grant, contract, loan, insurance, or guarantee. An example of a federally assisted construction contract could be a contract to build highways or bridges funded by federal grants to state Departments of Transportation.

Note: On September 1, 2021, OFCCP published the latest Corporate Scheduling Announcement List for construction contractors, which is comprised of 400 federal contractors, federally assisted contractors and subcontractors that will be scheduled for compliance reviews. No contractors on this list will be scheduled for a compliance check.

The Payments for Federally Connected Children (Section 7003 grants) help educate federally connected children. These may be the children of members of the uniformed services, children who live on Indian lands, children who live on federal property or federally subsidized low rent housing, and children whose parents work on federal property. Section 7003 grants include additional payments for children with disabilities for federally connected children who are eligible under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).

Washington, D.C. - In the wake of a tragic house fire that killed 12 people, including 9 children, in the Fairmount section of Philadelphia, U.S. Senator Bob Casey (D-PA) introduced the Public and Federally Assisted Housing Fire Safety Act. This bipartisan legislation would help protect the more than 10 million Americans who live in public or federally assisted housing from the risk of fire. The bill would require the installation of hardwired or tamper-resistant battery-powered smoke alarms in federally assisted housing. It would also authorize $2 million for HUD to run a national educational campaign on health and safety requirements in public housing, including how to properly use fire safety features. Congresswoman Madeleine Dean (D-PA-04) introduced companion legislation in the House of Representatives.

6111 Federal and Federally-Sponsored Credit AgenciesEstablishments of the Federal Government and federally-sponsored credit agencies primarily engaged in guaranteeing, insuring, or making loans. Federally-sponsored credit agencies are established under authority of Federal legislation, but are not regarded as part of the government. They are often owned by their members or borrowers.

This principle states that a college may award financial aid on the basis of race or national origin if the use of race or national origin in awarding that aid is authorized by Federal statute. This is because financial aid programs for minority students that are authorized by a specific Federal law cannot be considered to violate another Federal law,i.e., Title VI. In the case of the establishment of federally funded financial aid programs, such as the Patricia Roberts Harris Fellowship, the authorization of specific minority scholarships by that legislation prevails over the general prohibition of discrimination in Title VI. This result also is consistent with the canon of construction under which the specific provisions of a statute prevail over the general provisions of the same or a different statute. See 2A N. Singer Sutherland Statutory Construction section 46.05 (5th ed. 1992); Radzanower v. Touche Ross and Co., 426 U.S. 148, 153 (1976); Morton v. Mancari, 417 U.S. 535,550-51 (1974); Fourco Glass Co. v. Transmira Products Corp., 353 U.S. 225,228-29 (1957).

The Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) has reviewed the issue of whether a facility that receives tax credits under the Low-Income Housing Tax Credits (LIHTC) program (26 USC 42) meets the exception to the institution rule as being federally subsidized housing for the elderly pursuant to Section 3(h)(5) of the Food Stamp Act of 1977, (7 USC 2012(h)(5)).

The provider claimed that its residents should meet the exception to the institution rule as federally subsidized housing for the elderly because its facilities receive federal tax credits under the LIHTC program.

Residents of federally subsidized housing for the elderly, built under provisions of Section 202 of the Housing Act of 1959 or Section 236 of the National Housing Act shall not be considered residents of an institution or boarding house for purposes of eligibility for food stamps under this act. 350c69d7ab


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